CONTENTS

Perl Functions by Category

Here are Perl's functions (including things that look like functions, like some keywords and named operators) arranged by category. Some functions appear in more than one place.

Functions for SCALARs or strings

chomp, chop, chr, crypt, hex, index, lc, lcfirst, length, oct, ord, pack, q//, qq//, reverse, rindex, sprintf, substr, tr///, uc, ucfirst, y///

Regular expressions and pattern matching

m//, pos, quotemeta, s///, split, study, qr//

Numeric functions

abs, atan2, cos, exp, hex, int, log, oct, rand, sin, sqrt, srand

Functions for real @ARRAYs

each, keys, pop, push, shift, splice, unshift, values

Functions for list data

grep, join, map, qw//, reverse, sort, unpack

Functions for real %HASHes

delete, each, exists, keys, values

Input and output functions

binmode, close, closedir, dbmclose, dbmopen, die, eof, fileno, flock, format, getc, print, printf, read, readdir, rewinddir, say, seek, seekdir, select, syscall, sysread, sysseek, syswrite, tell, telldir, truncate, warn, write

Functions for fixed length data or records

pack, read, syscall, sysread, syswrite, unpack, vec

Functions for filehandles, files, or directories

-X, chdir, chmod, chown, chroot, fcntl, glob, ioctl, link, lstat, mkdir, open, opendir, readlink, rename, rmdir, stat, symlink, sysopen, umask, unlink, utime

caller, continue, die, do, dump, eval, exit, goto, last, next, redo, return, sub, wantarray

break, continue, given, when, default

(These are available only if you enable the "switch" feature. See feature and "Switch statements" in perlsyn.)

caller, import, local, my, our, state, package, use

(state is available only if the "state" feature is enabled. See feature.)

Miscellaneous functions

defined, dump, eval, formline, local, my, our, reset, scalar, state, undef, wantarray

Functions for processes and process groups

alarm, exec, fork, getpgrp, getppid, getpriority, kill, pipe, qx//, setpgrp, setpriority, sleep, system, times, wait, waitpid

do, import, no, package, require, use

bless, dbmclose, dbmopen, package, ref, tie, tied, untie, use

Low-level socket functions

accept, bind, connect, getpeername, getsockname, getsockopt, listen, recv, send, setsockopt, shutdown, socket, socketpair

System V interprocess communication functions

msgctl, msgget, msgrcv, msgsnd, semctl, semget, semop, shmctl, shmget, shmread, shmwrite

Fetching user and group info

endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endpwent, getgrent, getgrgid, getgrnam, getlogin, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, setgrent, setpwent

Fetching network info

endprotoent, endservent, gethostbyaddr, gethostbyname, gethostent, getnetbyaddr, getnetbyname, getnetent, getprotobyname, getprotobynumber, getprotoent, getservbyname, getservbyport, getservent, sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent

gmtime, localtime, time, times

Functions new in perl5

abs, bless, break, chomp, chr, continue, default, exists, formline, given, glob, import, lc, lcfirst, lock, map, my, no, our, prototype, qr//, qw//, qx//, readline, readpipe, ref, sub*, sysopen, tie, tied, uc, ucfirst, untie, use, when

* sub was a keyword in Perl 4, but in Perl 5 it is an operator, which can be used in expressions.

Functions obsoleted in perl5

dbmclose, dbmopen

Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions