printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST
printf FORMAT, LIST

Equivalent to print FILEHANDLE sprintf(FORMAT, LIST), except that $\ (the output record separator) is not appended. The first argument of the list will be interpreted as the printf() format. If use locale is in effect, the character used for the decimal point in formatted real numbers is affected by the LC_NUMERIC locale. See perllocale.

Don't fall into the trap of using a printf() when a simple print() would do. The print() is more efficient and less error prone.